Types of Home Loans: How to Choose the Best Mortgage for You

Types of Home Loans: How to Choose the Best Mortgage for You

Looking to buy a home?  When house hunting, you’ll want to keep your financing options top of mind.

Figuring out the right mortgage for you can be complicated, as there are many variables. What’s the interest rate? How does your credit rating affect it? Are you eligible for any low-cost government programs? Should you get an adjustable rate mortgage (ARM) or a fixed rate? What are your total costs likely to be?

Whether this is your first home loan or you’re looking for a better mortgage as you transition to a new home, here’s an overview of the different types of home loans and how to choose the one that will save you the most money.

Buying a House? Here's what you need to know about the different types of home loans

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NoDerivs 3.0 United States License. If you like our graphic, feel free to share it on your site as long as you include a link back to this post to credit PSECU as the original creator of the graphic.

Questions to Ask When Shopping for a Mortgage

Because mortgage types, costs and individual circumstances all vary, it’s important to know what to keep in mind when shopping for a mortgage.

Remember that interest rates can change day-to-day, so if you want to make sure you get a specific rate once it’s available to you, you’ll need to lock it in and put an offer on a home during the timeframe given to you by the financial institution.

When looking for a mortgage, be sure to shop around and see where you can get the best value for your money. You’ll want to consider the interest rate on the loan, as well as what fees the financial institution will require you to pay. PSECU’s mortgage rates can always be found on our website so that you have the information you need to make an informed decision as quickly as possible. All members who qualify for a loan pay the same rate.

When rate shopping, some financial institutions will give you an estimated interest rate upfront, while others will do a hard inquiry on your credit before they give you information about the interest rate you qualify for. Keep in mind that credit inquiries can impact your credit score, but there are some protections built in for consumers who are rate shopping. Be sure to do your research and make sure you’re having all inquiries done within the right time period to reduce any negative impact on your credit.

To keep track of who gave you the best offer, prepare a table or spreadsheet that includes column headers for the financial institution, down payment, interest rate for that specific down payment, mortgage insurance (if you plan on a down payment of less than 20% of the home’s value), and other fees such as origination or appraisal costs.

Here is a list of questions to ask when you speak with a financial institution about getting a mortgage:

  • What would my interest rate be if I locked in the rate today?
  • Does the interest rate vary based on the down payment I have? This will let you know if it’s worth it to try and save for a higher down payment.
  • What is the monthly cost for mortgage insurance (if needed)?
  • If I need mortgage insurance, will it be eliminated after there’s a certain amount of equity in the home? What does that process entail?
  • Are there any other costs or fees that I should be aware of with this type of loan?
  • What are your loan origination fees?
  • What are your appraisal fees?
  • What is the approval timeline for a mortgage?

Things to Consider

Conventional loans are the most common type of mortgage since they have the most flexibility and often offer the lowest interest rates. At PSECU, we offer both fixed and adjustable rate conventional mortgages with an interest rate determined by term length and any points purchased.

One point is equal to one percent of the loan amount. Points are paid upfront to the lender and are not part of the home loan amount. Looking at the infographic above, in that scenario, buying three points was worth the expenses since it ultimately lowered the monthly payment and saved several thousand dollars in interest over the life of the loan. Check out our point calculator to see how much points could save you.

You should also be aware of Private Mortgage Insurance (PMI) and how that will affect your monthly mortgage payment. This type of insurance is different from homeowners insurance. PMI protects the lender from losing money if you end up in foreclosure. With a conventional mortgage, homeowners become eligible to request cancellation of PMI once the homeowners have 20 percent equity in the house. This can be a consideration since it can affect your overall costs.

Homeowners should calculate how much they would save by eliminating PMI. PMI is assessed partly on the loan-to-value (LTV) ratio, which is a measure of how much outstanding loan you have relative to the value of your home. If you pay off a mortgage faster than anticipated or increase the value of your home by remodeling, for example, your LTV ratio falls. That can help eliminate PMI.

You may find taking time to save for a 20 percent down payment with a conventional loan will save you the most money over the life of the loan.

Several government agencies do offer loans to eligible prospective homeowners. These loans may have fees, lifetime mortgage insurance and higher interest rates, but they do offer families a chance to own a home when they don’t have a large down payment.

The Federal Housing Administration (FHA), for example, offers a loan program that can be a good option for first-time home buyers who don’t have a large down payment.

For veterans, military personnel and surviving spouses, the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs offers a home mortgage program.

For those who live in rural areas and have lower credit and incomes, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) also offers a loan program.

Applying for a Mortgage

Before applying for a mortgage, be sure to research which option best meets your needs and speak with a qualified lender for more information. Remember that while there’s a variety of products to choose from, not every financial institution offers all options.

PSECU has free resources to help you decide what type of mortgage is best for you. Look at and calculate both ARMs and fixed-rate mortgages by scrolling down to the bottom of our mortgage page to see the current rates. Click on the calculator icon on the far right to see your possible monthly payment.

Interested in a mortgage with PSECU but not a member yet? Find your way to join today and learn about what mortgage products we offer on our website.

Want to Join PSECU? Learn more.

The content provided in this publication is for informational purposes only. Nothing stated is to be construed as financial or legal advice. PSECU does not endorse any third parties, including, but not limited to, referenced individuals, companies, organizations, products, blogs or websites. PSECU does not warrant any advice provided by third parties. PSECU does not guarantee the accuracy or completeness of the information provided by third parties. PSECU recommends that you seek the advice of a qualified financial, tax, legal or other professional if you have questions.